Using Cannabis Responsibly
Cannabis & Dosing Education
What is Cannabis
Cannabis refers to a group of flowering plants in the Cannabaceae family. This group includes three plants with psychoactive properties known as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis.
What are the components of cannabis?
Cannabis contains components called cannabinoids, which are chemical compounds secreted by the cannabis flower. These cannabinoids mimic compounds naturally found in human bodies called endocannabinoids. When cannabis is consumed, cannabinoids bind to different receptors throughout the human body and create a range of effects, benefits and relief. Cannabinoids must be activated by decarboxylation or heating, which can occur through smoking, vaping or cooking cannabis.
How does cannabis work? What are cannabinoids?
While there are over 60 known types of cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, many more are thought to exist. The stars of the show are THC (Δ9–tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), both of which are most commonly known and found in the cannabis plant.
THCA:(Δ9–tetrahydrocannabinol) One of the only cannabinoids that can get you high. THC binds with CB-1 receptors to create the psychoactive effects we know as feeling “high,” such as euphoria, laughter, hunger, and sleep.
CBDA: (cannabidiol) The cannabinoid that’s captivated the curious to the connoisseur. CBD tends to bind with CB-2 receptors and does not produce intoxicating effects but can have physiological effects like increasing relaxation, relieving stress and improving appetite.
What are common terms used for cannabis?
How do I read/understand dosing information on cannabis packaging?
What is considered one standard dose of cannabis?
How do I find the right dose for different cannabis forms?
For flower/prerolls: Start with one inhale and wait 10-15 minutes before consuming more.
For edibles/tinctures: Begin with a 2.5-5mg dose and wait 30 minutes before consuming more. Increase dose every 2 hours if necessary/desired.
For vapes: Take a short 3-5 second inhale and wait 10-15 minutes before consuming more.
What should I know about the THC content in different cannabis products?
THC content may vary in flower, edibles, concentrates and other cannabis products. Always consult the label for accurate dosage information and/or test results before consuming. A general range of THC content in cannabis products includes:
- Flower: 10-30% THC
- Edibles: 5-20mg per serving; 100-200mg per package
- Concentrates & extracts: 40-95% THC
Are there any legal considerations or restrictions I should be aware of when using cannabis?
Yes, legal considerations around cannabis use vary widely depending on your location. While some states and countries have legalized cannabis for medical and/or recreational use, it remains illegal in many places. Even in areas where it is legal, there may be restrictions regarding where you can smoke cannabis, how much you can possess, and the THC content of legal products. It’s important to be aware of the laws in your area to ensure you’re using cannabis legally and responsibly.
Youth Education & Prevention
What are the age requirements for purchasing cannabis?
Avoid harm by always purchasing cannabis from licensed retailers.
What are California's cannabis packaging regulations?
How do I keep cannabis stored safely from children?
Avoid using cannabis products around children. If you are using cannabis, make sure an adult is present who can help look after your child in case of emergencies. If you think there is a chance your child may have consumed cannabis, call California Poison Control at 1-800-222-1222.
Can I use cannabis while pregnant or breastfeeding?
If you use medicinal cannabis, talk to your doctor about alternative treatment options that are safe during pregnancy.
How do I talk to my child about cannabis?
It is best to explain the danger of driving with cannabis impairment, purchasing unregulated cannabis, and mixing cannabis with other substances such as alcohol. As the human brain is still developing until the age of 25, underage cannabis use can adversely affect children and teenagers.
Responsible Cannabis Use
How do I consume cannabis responsibly?
Do not operate heavy machinery, including vehicles, motorcycles, bicycles or scooters, after consuming cannabis as THC can impair judgement and motor skills.
Be aware of your employer’s cannabis policies in the case of drug testing.
What is a microdose of cannabis?
What are the risks associated with cannabis and other substances?
Can you overdose on cannabis?
What is the impact of long-term cannabis use on physical and mental health?
Long-term cannabis use can have various effects on both physical and mental health. Some research suggests that regular use can impair lung function (if smoked), affect brain development in young people, and increase the risk of mental health disorders such as anxiety and psychosis, especially in those with a family history of these conditions. Prolonged use can also lead to cannabis use disorder, a form of dependence. However, it’s important to note that these risks are generally higher with heavy or chronic use, and many people use cannabis safely and responsibly without experiencing these problems.